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BACKWELL - information extracted from Kelly’s 1914 Directory of Somerset

BACKWELL is a large parish, consisting of five hamlets:  vis. Church Town, Farleigh, West Town, part of Downside and Moorside.  WestTown is on the road from Bristol to Weston-super-M, a mile south-east from the Nailsea and Backwell station on the Bristol & Exeter section of the Great Western railway and 7 miles south-west from Bristol.

The soil on the east side of the parish is sandy, on the west loamy; a greater part of the land is in pasture.  The area is 2,929 acres; rateable value, £9,393; the population on 1911 was 942 in the civil and 830 in the ecclesiastical parish.  A portion of the ecclesiastical parish of St Katherine, Felton was taken out of this parish May 6th1873.

The Marquess of Bath, who is Lord of the Manor, and George A. Gibbs, Esq., M.P. of Tyntesfield, Wraxall, are the chief landowners.  Backwell House, the property and seat of William Garnett, Esq., is a fine residence standing at an elevation of 528 feet above sea level, and surrounded by 200 acres of well wooded land, overlooking the Bristol Channel and commanding uninterrupted and extensive views of the surrounding countryside.

BACKWELL is in the

·         Northern Division of the County [Somerset]

·         Long Ashton Poor Law Union

·         Bristol County Court District

·         Portbury Hundred

·         Long Ashton Petty Sessional Division

·         Rural deanery of Portishead

·         Archdeaconry of Bath

·         Diocese of Bath & Wells



The Church of St Andrew, at Church Town, is an ancient edifice of stone in the perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, memorial chapel, south porch and a lofty tower with richly ornamented pinnacles, containing a peal of 6 bells: The church affords 350 sittings.  The register dates from the year 1674.  The living is a sinecure rectory and vicarage net yearly value £327 including 108 acres of glebe and residence in the gift of the Marquess of Bath, and held since 1903 by the Rev Edmund Schuyler Sutton Caudwell, M. A. of St Mary Hall, Oxford

·         Parish Clerk: James Manning

·         Sexton: Henry Lock


There is a Wesleyan Chapel


Money Order & Telegraph Offices:

West Town: Letters arrive from Bristol at 7 a.m. & 2.15 p.m.; dispatched at 10 a.m. & 5.25 & 7.45 p.m. weekdays and 4.45 p.m. on Sundays

·         Sub-Postmaster: James Manning

Wall Letter Boxes:

  • Church Town: cleared week days at 7.45 a.m. & 3.30 & 7.30 p.m.; Sundays 4.30 p.m.
  • Farleigh: cleared 7.20 a.m. & 3.15 & 8.15 p.m.; Sundays at 4.45 p.m.                                        
  • Railway Station: cleared 10.20 a.m. & 5.30 & 8 p.m.; Sundays at 4.30 p.m.

Letters for Farleigh should be addressed via Flax Bourton


Carriers pass through to Bristol daily


There is a Public Elementary School built with house for master in 1865 & enlarged 1892 for 180 children; average attendance 121.

·         School master: Albert Winfield


Calcott, Benjamin, Church Town

Carter, Alfred, Church Town

Couldwell, Rev Edmund Schuyler Sutton M.A. The Vicarage

Chandler, William Henry, Farleigh

Denning, Walter J., Tyntesfield View

Doubting, Mrs., Ivywell

Durant, Leonard, The Wigwam

Evans, Ernest Deening, Farley Combe

Garnett, William, Backwell Hill House

Green, Joseph, Farleigh

Hawkes, Francis Samuel, Church Town

James, Harold V., The Grange

Lewis, Herbert L., The Croft, Farleigh

Long, Leonard J., Rodney House, Farleigh

Lysaght, Sidney R., Backwell Down

Nicholls, Herbert

Robinson, Alfred Roberts J. P., Backwell House

Southern, Misses, Trelinda

Spratt, James, Bradley House

Wallis, Frank G., The Elms

Webb, Edmund H., Leiberhof

White, Mrs., Southfield



Alvis, Gilbert, farmer, Court Farm, Church Town

Backwell Village Club, Albert Winfield, Sec.

Ball, Charles, farmer, Yew Tree farm, Downside

Carey Bros., contractors, Farleigh

Carter, William, blacksmith, Farleigh

Febrey, Williams, boot repairer, Farleigh

Foord, James, farmer, Brook Farm

Griffin, J. Bromley, famer, Farleigh

Griffin, James, comm. Traveller, Moorside

Griffin, John, relieving & vaccination officer, No 2 district & registrar of births & deaths for Ashton sub-district of Long Ashton Union, Farleigh

Griffin, Lucy Ann (Mrs), farmer, Dibdin’s farm

Harrill, William, beer retailer, Farleigh

Hayward, Henry, builder, Church Town

Hek, William P. George Inn

Hill, Charles, farmer, Farleigh

Holder, Norman, farmer, Farleigh

Horler, George Robert, farmer, Moorside

Jones, Elizabeth (Mrs), shopkeeper, Farleigh

Lock, Henry, Mason & sexton

Love, Lydia (Mrs), shopkeeper

Merrick, Henry, farmer, Coomb Head farm, Downside

Missen, George, farmer, Moorside

Morgan, Henry, gardener to F. S. Hawkes, Esq

Owen, Charles, fly proprietor, Farleigh

Parish Hall, (F. S. Hawkes, sec)

Parker, James, baker, Farleigh

Shaw, George, (Mrs), grocer, Farleigh

Vauden, Oliver, G. farmer, Downside

Vowles, Francis, farmer, Church Town

Vowles, John, farmer, Grove Farm

Vowles, John William, farmer, Downside Farm

Vowles, Thomas, farmer, Backwell Park

Watts, James & Co., cider makers, The Common

Wookey, Henry, farmer, Hyetswood Farm



Corfield, Henry Oakley M. D., Clifton House

Ridd, Joshua

Robinson, Mrs., West Town House

Symes, William, St Margaret’s



Atherton, Frank, haulier

Badman, Frederick, beer retailer

Blake, William James, shop keeper

Burbidge & Trestrail, solicitor; attends Wednesdays

Burbidge, Edward D’Arcy, solicitor

Corfield, Henry Oakley M. D.  M.Ch. Edin. Surgeon & medical officer & public vaccinator

Hawkins, Edward T., Inspector of Nuisance to Long Ashton RDC

Hayward, Ernest, refreshment rooms

Holder, Elizabeth (Mrs), farmer

King, Francis, G., butcher

Lott, Henry, painter & contractor

Lott, William, Builder

Manning, James, grocer and Parish Clerk, Post Office

Norman, George Denis M.R.C.V.S.L. veterinary surgeon & veterinary inspector

Rendell, George, beer retailer

Rogers, William, farmer

West Town Village Club, Popham, Walter, secretary

White, Samuel, farmer

Woodley, Edwin, carpenter


Backwell Pictures

Backwell Motors & Railway Station
Backwell Motors & Railway Station
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